About Climbing

Simply put, climbing is an activity that involves using hands and legs and feet or other parts of your body to ascend an incline. While climbing is done for recreation and as part of a profession, we will be discussing the various kinds of climbing techniques and other details involved for recreational climbing. For recreation, people climb various structures like boulders, urban structures, cliffs of chalk, ice boulders, mountains, nets, poles, rocks, ropes and trees. While these are all various kinds of climbing activities that people indulge in, mountain climbing (called mountaineering) and rock climbing is probably the most popular sport of all.

While rock climbing started with the process of climbing natural rock formations, artificial rocks have now been created to bring the sport closer home. The idea is to reach the summit of the rock formation and in most cases there emerges a pre-defined route that develops over time. The sport is extremely demanding from a physical perspective and only those who are extremely fit are able to achieve the summit. Unless you have protective gear and other apparatus that can keep you safe, this is a sport that can be dangerous too. This is why one needs to know the various climbing techniques that can be used at different stages in the attempt to get to the top.

Rock climbing is an essential part of mountaineering too. It was considered to be a significant part of Victorian Mountaineering in the Alps. It is estimated that the sport actually took shape towards the end of the nineteenth century in Europe. The most basic form of rock climbing is bouldering where you climb with the use of hands and legs and use a cushioned bouldering pad at the maximum. This is something that is used to climb rocks that are 10 to 15 feet in height. As the summit height increases the risk associated with the sport also does. Some of the different kinds of climbing include top roping, lead climbing, aid climbing, traditional climbing, free soloing, simul climbing and more.

Mountaineering, on the other hand is the process in which you climb peaks and try and reach the summit. There are essentially two styles of mountaineering - expedition climbing and alpinism. In the expedition style there are various trips from the point reached and the camp to ensure supplies. The group size is generally large and supplemental oxygen may be used when the altitude becomes too high. Alpinism is the style of mountaineering when the climbers climb up continually and do not come back to base camp for supplies. Such a group comprises of a lower number of people and this style does not recommend the use of supplemental oxygen.


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